Long-term institutional care for adults with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities in Europe present low-quality ratings according to a new report from the World Health Organisation (WHO).
The study “Mental health, human rights and standards of care” looked at what is going on behind the closed doors of 75 institutions across 24 European countries through the lens of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, in terms of quality of care provided and the extent to which human rights are being protected. Only 25% of these institutions showed compliance with international standards, evidencing the convenience of transiting towards community-based support services as most effective way to comply with the UN CRPD.
Between the main concerns, the assessments revealed an underappreciation of the basic rights of the individuals living in these institutions and a lack of a humane or personalized approach.
- The assessments collected and reported data on standards related to 5 themes from the UN CRPD:
- The right to an adequate standard of living (Article 28);
- The right to enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (Article 25);
- The right to exercise legal capacity and the right to personal liberty and security of person (Articles 12 and 14);
- Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and from exploitation, violence and abuse (Articles 15 and 16); and
- he right to live independently and be included in the community (Article 19).